Since the inception of the Kingdom during the reign of King Abdulaziz (may Allah rest his soul), and until the reign of King Salman bin Abdulaziz (may Allah preserve him), the Kingdom has been an avid lender of generosity and humanitarian aid, and a stalwart supporter of sister countries in hardship. This initiative is born out of the Kingdom’s role as a key player on the global stage and the heart of the Islamic World. The Kingdom’s contributions span many developing countries, to whom humanitarian aid is provided through various governmental entities, chief among which are the Saudi Fund for Development and the King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Center.
The Saudi Fund for Development was founded by virtue of Royal Decree No. M/48, issued on 01/09/1997. The Fund commenced its activities with a capital of ten million Saudi Riyals provided by the Saudi government. This capital had since been increased in three phases to reach thirty one thousand million Saudi Riyals. The Fund is considered the main channel through which the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia dispenses humanitarian aid. Loans provided by this Fund are characterized as soft loans, often unconditional; these loans typically focus on infrastructure sectors which are essential to improving living standards in developing countries, such as health, education, safe drinking water, housing, roadworks, and agriculture.
Since its inception, the fund has financed 582 projects and 27 development programs in 82 developing countries, between Africa, Asia and other regions with a total amount of more than 51 billion riyals, of which 27 billion were allocated to finance 359 projects and development programs in 45 countries. Africa and more than 23 billion riyals to finance 232 projects and development programs in 29 countries in Asia, and 18 projects in other regions of the world at the expenditure of over one billion riyals.
The Fund’s role is not limited to providing loans to help developing countries improve the standard of living of their people, but also includes contributing to the implementation of grants from the Government of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques to support countries in need to cope with difficult living conditions. This program, implemented in five phases with more than $330 million, has helped to dig more than 6,300 wells in 12 African countries to provide drinking water to more than 3 million Africans suffering from drought and water scarcity.
The Saudi Fund for Development (SFD) continues to translate the directives of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques in order to help countries in need to improve their living conditions and fight poverty in concert with international efforts to help developing countries directly or through international or regional development institutions to achieve sustainable development goals.
The King Salman Center for Relief and Humanitarian Action was established in accordance with the teachings of the Islamic religion, which requires relief and assistance to the needy and the preservation of human life, dignity and health; it acts as an extension of the humanitarian role the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia plays as part of its role on the international front. The Center specializes in relief and humanitarian work and seeks to be a leading international center for the relief of communities suffering from disasters in order to help them and raise their suffering to lead a decent life with a capital of one billion riyals.
Since its inception, the center has contributed to the completion of 1,050 projects in various sectors including food security, health, education, water, environmental sanitation, logistics and other services at a total cost of SR 3,542,362,920 billion.
Most Prominent KSRelief Programs:
The King Salman Center for Relief and Humanitarian Action implements a project to rehabilitate children who are conscripted and affected by the armed conflict in Yemen. This Saudi humanitarian project, launched in September 2017, focuses on the rehabilitation of child soldiers and those affected by the armed conflict.
A Saudi humanitarian project to clear and clear Yemeni land mines. The project is a continuation of the efforts of Saudi Arabia and its global and effective position in humanitarian work. The mine threat in Yemen is the result of large quantities of mines that have claimed the lives of thousands of children, women and the elderly and caused permanent disabilities, which have burdened the health and treatment facilities and caused economic losses to individuals and society.
Recognizing the importance of humanitarian intervention in support of amputees, the King Salman Relief and Humanitarian Center has supported and funded prosthetic centers that provide free services to amputees. The indiscriminate landmines planted by the Huthi militias have caused untold destruction and damage to the lives of innocent Yemeni citizens through the indiscriminate and intensive laying of mines that have killed thousands of Yemenis and resulted in many amputations and injuries involving many women and children in the provinces. Yemen.
The Kingdom’s Initiatives in Support of Sustainable Development Goals
The Kingdom has continued efforts to combat poverty and hunger, stemming from its moral and humanitarian responsibility, contributing to the provision of humanitarian aid and assistance to the poorest and developing countries and to international organizations. They are the world's most important contributors to poverty and hunger programs. Where it works on the need to achieve food security globally. The Kingdom's efforts in this area include:
Providing aid and support to international organizations, such as:
- Arab Gulf Program for Development
- Historical contribution of USD 500 million to World Food Program in 2008
- Ministry of Environment, Water, and Agriculture’s efforts towards eradicating the red palm weevil
- Providing assistance and aid to international health-related organizations like:
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is 1st globally in refugee support
The Kingdom is home to over 3 million refugees, the most of any other country.
Last Modified Date: 02/03/2020 - 1:15 PM Saudi Arabia Time