Government Budget

This section will provide an overview of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s most essential budget items by familiarizing you with the budget statements of the Kingdom, presented by the Ministry of Finance, ensuring that all data budgets, government performance indicators, means of government revenue and capital expenditures, in alignment with Vision 2030, are made known to the public through annual budgets and quarterly reports. This section will also underline government expenditures for various sectors and will dive into the development and performance measurements of revenues, expenditures, and growth rates from 2018 – 2021. Additionally, information on the State General Budget, Fiscal Balance Program, and Government Savings and Spending Budget can also be found in this segment.

The economic and financial prospects of the Kingdom along with its prominent developments are presented in each fiscal year through announcing the annual budget estimates and projections, including revenues, expenditures, gross domestic product (GDP), and comparing the deficit and surplus. The Ministry of Finance sets the policies for the Kingdom’s budget with complete transparency within the international standards, announcing its challenges for the upcoming years and keeping pace with the economic changes in raising the GDP and reducing the Kingdom’s dependence on oil products.

 

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s Budget Statement

The Ministry of Finance presents the Kingdom’s annual budget and prepares the quarterly reports, the citizens reports, the performance reports, etc, which reinforces transparency and allows everyone to read the budget’s data. Moreover, the Government make the Government Performance Indicators available as well as the Budget of each ministry on its website.

Revenues

The Kingdom has oil and non oil revenues, in addition to Zakat and taxes.

Expenditure

The Kingdom spends its budget on Operating Expenses, such as employees compensations, stimulating the private sector, Vision 2030 programs, and social benefits along with the capital expenditure for development and economic growth.

Most Important Indicators

  Actual* Expectation** Estimate**
  2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Economic Indicators
Real GDP Growth 0.3% -3.7% 3.2% 3.4% 3.5 %
Nominal GDP (Billion Riyals) 2,974 2,486 2,866 3,042 3,232
Nominal GDP Growth 0.8% -16.4% 15.3% 6.1% 6.3%
Inflation 2.1 % 3.7 % 2.9% 2.0% 2.0%

Summary of Budget 2021

  Actual 2018 Actual 2019 Budget 2020 Expectations 2020 Budget 2021 Estimate
  2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 2022 2023
Total Revenue 906 927 833 770 849 864 928
Total Expenses 1,079 1,059 1,020 1,068 990 955 941
Budget Deficit -174 -133 -187 -298 -141 -91 -13
As a Percentage of GDP -5.9% -4.5% -6.4% -12.0% -4.9 -3.0 -0.4
Public Debt 560 678 754 854 937 1,013 1,026
As a Percentage of GDP 19.0% 22.8% 26.0% 34.3% 32.7% 33.3% 31.7%
Government Reserves at the Saudi Central Bank 490 470 346 346 280 265 265

Sectrol Spendings

Sector Actual 2019 Budget 2020 Budget 2021 *Annual Change (Budget 2020 – Budget 2021
Public Administration 31 28 34 20%
Military 208 182 175 -3.8%
Security and Administrative Areas 114 102 101 -1.2%
Municipal Services 50 54 51 -5.9%
Education 202 193 186 -3.8%
Health and Social Development 190 167 175 4.6%
Economic Resources 94 98 72 -26.1%
Basic Equipment and Transportation 59 56 46 -18.2%
General Items 113 141 151 7.2%
Total 1059 1020 990 -2.9%

Transparency in Government Spending's

The Kingdoms budget is linked to the realization of Saudi Vision 2030 objectives and goals. The Ministry of Finance is required to highlight the transparency of its preparation and budgets to ensure sustainability to fulfil the nation's aspirations.
The Kingdom's budget is subject to legislative and regulatory scrutiny and is based on the regime.

The Basic Statute of Governance and the annual laws for budget approvals require all government entities to apply the principles of budgetary governance:

  1. Transparent, credible and predictable limits for fiscal policy.
  2. Align with Vision 2030 and other national strategic plans and priorities.
  3. Inclusive and participative debate on budget planning.
  4. Budget documents and data are open, transparent and accessible.
  5. Comprehensive, accurate and reliable account of the public finances.
  6. Actively plan, manage and monitor budget execution.
  7. Performance, evaluation and value for money are integral to the budget process.
  8. Identify, assess and manage prudently longer-term sustainability and other fiscal risks.

To ensure transparency of the government spending's, each government entity must submit quarterly and annual reports to the Ministry of Finance. Following the reports of the government entities, the Ministry of Finance is legally obliged to publish quarterly financial performance reports on the execution of the budget, along with final annual account summaries in the detailed annual reports of expenses and revenues.
Also, the Etimad platform plays a significant role in increasing transparency and raising the efficiency of expenditure for its users, such as government and supervisory entities, contractors, suppliers, vendors, etc. All government entities are obliged to use the platform for procurements of services, goods, works, and payments.

Budget Cycle

Preparation

The budget preparation stages start from the end of December of the last fiscal year to January. By the beginning of February, the main trends of the budget are determined. From mid-March, the budget is subject to initial review and analysis until the end of April. It is then discussed and reviewed from May until the end of August.
The budget preparation is subject to a number of specific rules, namely, commitment to the annual period and submission of estimates, where resources and expenses are general. The budget requires revenues to be equal to expenses taking into account tabulating and analyzing changes. The budget must also determine an expenditure limit in addition to presenting a standard budget that includes all expenditures and revenues in one statement.
Preparing the budget requires the availability of financial and economic competencies combined with knowledge and technical skills, strategic thinking and leadership, a deep understanding of policies and regulations, and advanced financial analysis capabilities.

Approval

Budget approval goes through three stages: starting from initial analysis throughout July, August and September, then final approval within October and November and finally the official release in December.

Implementation

Ministry of Finance adopts four tracks in the implementation of the budget:

  1. To announce the budget in order to disseminate its instructions

  2. To be implemented by a collection of its revenues and commitment to its expenses and provisions
  3. To estimate its quarterly performance
  4. To prepare the final account where entities submit their accounts at the end of the fiscal year. 

Automation programs, such as the digital platform (Etimad), ensure preparation and implementation of the budget expenditure models, budget preparation and implementation system, business intelligence system, data governance and management enhancement program.
Communication with government entities is being carried out through introductory workshops, budget forum and the media plan for the budget, and releasing the activating roles of supporting bodies.
The Etimad platform plays a role in increasing transparency and raising the efficiency of expenditure for its users, such as government and supervisory entities, contractors, suppliers, vendors, etc.

Budget Statement Fiscal Year 2022

This section will provide an overview of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s most essential budget items by familiarizing you with the budget statements of the Kingdom, presented by the Ministry of Finance, ensuring that all data budgets, government performance indicators, means of government revenue and capital expenditures per Vision 2030.

The economic and financial prospects of the Kingdom along with its prominent developments are presented in each fiscal year through announcing the annual budget estimates and projections, including revenues, expenditures, gross domestic product (GDP), and comparing the deficit and surplus. The Ministry of Finance sets the policies for the Kingdom’s budget with complete transparency within the international standards, announcing its challenges for the upcoming years and keeping pace with the economic changes in raising the GDP and reducing the Kingdom’s dependence on oil products.

Key Growth Drivers in FY 2022

  • Economic and fiscal reforms have played an important role in strengthening the Kingdom’s ability to address the COVID-19 pandemic crisis with a well-developed digital infrastructure that proved capable of facing the crisis and decisive health measures during the pandemic. This formed the cornerstone of containing the pandemic at a swift pace, faster than expected. This progress yielded an increase in the immunization rates and a decline in the number of COVID-19 cases in various regions. This led to the decision to ease health precautions starting on Sunday, 17 October, 2021, by opening the full capacity of the Two Holly Mosques and eliminating social distancing restrictions in public places, transportation means, restaurants, cinemas and so on.
     
  • In light of these domestic developments and the gradual recovery of the global economy, the Kingdom’s economic growth rates for the FY 2022 and the medium-term have been revised, with expectations indicating that the private sector’s growth will accelerate to lead the economic growth in the medium-term. This will be propped up by government efforts to strengthen the role of the private sector and support the growth of the small and medium enterprises (SMEs), alongside the role of government spending in achieving structural transformations that support long-term growth. Preliminary estimates for FY 2022 indicate that real GDP is expected to grow by 7.4%, driven by a rise in oil GDP. This is in addition to the expected improvement in non-oil GDP assuming that the economy continues to recover gradually from the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.
     
  • This comes in addition to the positive role of the NIS, which will contribute to supporting the growth and diversification of the national economy, as one of the most important targets of Saudi Vision 2030. The strategy will help raise the private sector’s contribution to GDP to 65%, promote investment by empowering investors, develop new investment opportunities and finance solutions to increase the contribution of FDI to 5.7% of GDP, increase the percentage of non-oil exports from 16% to 50% of non-oil GDP, and decrease the unemployment rate to 7%. This comes in addition to developing the business and investment environment in partnership with the private sector by launching project offices to develop areas where there are no development authorities, including al-Baha, Al-Jouf and Jazan, with the aim of maximizing the benefit of the relative and competitive advantages of each region and achieving inclusiveness with regional development.
     
  • The NDF also plays an important role in raising the performance of the other development funds and banks to serve development priorities and economic needs in coordination with the private sector. This comes along with the stimulation of investment under the umbrella of the “Shareek” Program, an essential part of the NIS, which aims to build a cooperative framework between the government sector and private sector companies to achieve investment objectives that will inject around SAR 5 trillion in new investments by 2030.
     
  • Efforts to promote tourism and attract tourists from around the world are also expected to play an important role in increasing economic growth. Several Saudi Seasons were launched in Q4 2021, including the Riyadh Season, Al-Diriyah Season and AlUla Moments Season, and they will continue until Q1 of next year. These seasons enrich the lives of citizens; raise the quality of life of the residents of the Kingdom; diversify the national economy by promoting different destinations and highlighting historical, heritage, cultural, and natural treasures; provide jobs for Saudis; and support investment in the tourism sector by providing attractive investment opportunities that will put the Kingdom on the global tourism map.
     
  • The PIF has also launched the RIG, the world’s first tourism destination that draws inspiration for its concept from offshore oil platforms, and the fund’s latest tourism and leisure project. This joins a portfolio of several projects and companies such as the Red Sea Development Company, Soudah Development, and Cruise Saudi, which aim to enable innovation in the tourism and leisure sectors within the Kingdom.
     
  • In addition, increasing oil production and raising the Kingdom’s production share that started in May 2021 in accordance with the OPEC+ agreement, and the return of global demand as global supply chains improve, will have a positive impact on the Kingdom’s trade balance.

The budget for the FY 2022 is structured to support the continuous enhancement of fiscal sustainability following the pandemic; continuing the rollout of economic and structural reforms to enhance economic growth in the medium-and long-term; and strengthening the Kingdom’s fiscal position to deal with shocks. Moreover, the budget is a reflection of an encompassing economic policy that is underpinned by three main pillars. The first pillar is ensuring fiscal sustainability through diversification of revenue sources and raising expenditure efficiency. The second pillar is enabling the private sector through programs that target enhancing the sector’s productivity and its contribution to the national economy, in addition to the projects and programs executed by the development funds. The third pillar is the implementation of broader structural transformations, with economic and social dimensions, to enhance the agility of the economy and its ability to keep pace with the rapidly changing global landscape.

Within the ambit of the first pillar, FY 2022 budget reflects the continuation of the process of economic reform initiatives that the Government has been taken in previous years, along with ongoing efforts to increase public spending efficiency, developing non-oil revenues and improve the collection. These reforms succeeded in controlling budget deficit during the past years and reducing it gradually from levels that reached 12.8% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in FY 2016, and expected to reach 2.7% of GDP in FY 2021. Public finance is expected to witness the achievement of surpluses starting in FY 2022 and in the medium-term, which will be directed to investments, that aim to diversify the economy, and enhance reserves to address any future shocks might encounter the economy. It’s worth noting that upon achieving the main goals of the Fiscal Balance Program (FBP), the Government launched the Fiscal Sustainability Program (FSP), which represents a continuation of the previous efforts and the adoption of mechanisms for managing fiscal policy with the aim


Within the ambit of the second pillar, the Kingdom’s economy is witnessing continuous growth in the role of the economic enablers that support the growth of the private sector in the medium- and long-term. The most prominent of these enablers is the highly effective development contribution of projects and programs that are implemented by the Public Investment Fund (PIF) and the National Development Fund (NDF) that complements budget spending, within a cohesive and integrated frame. Moreove,  the enablers include the progress in the implementation of the National Industrial Development and Logistics Program (NIDLP), the National Investment Strategy (NIS), the “Shareek” Program, the Financial Sector Development Program (FSDP), and the Privatization Program, all are programs that aim to enhance the performance of the private sector. Concurrently, the success of these programs reflects positively on the fiscal performance through stimulating and diversifying economic growth, and thus improving non-oil revenues while reducing pressure on public spending, especially as the private sector is leading investment and employment, while the implementation of the National Transformation Program (NTP) continues.

Within the ambit of the third pillar, the budget and the mediumterm fiscal framework reflect the continued spending on government services, infrastructure and social programs, as well as other Vision Realization Programs (VRPs), such as the NTP, the Quality of Life Program, the Doyof Al Rahman Program, mega projects, and the Saudi Green Initiative. These programs will bring about positive structural changes in these sectors and reflect positively on the quality of life of citizens and residents, and on the services provided to them.

 

Sectoral Performance:

Spending on the Infrastructure and Transportation, the General Items, and the Security and Regional Administration sectors is expected to decrease by about 19.9%, 16.1% and 13.8%, respectively, compared to FY 2020. Spending BUDGET STATEMENT Fiscal Year 2022 33 on the military sector is also expected to decrease by 6.7%, while spending on the economic resources and municipal services sectors is expected to increase by 32.9% and 5.3%, respectively, compared to the previous fiscal year, FY 2020. Bellow is the key sectoral performance:


 

Infrastructure and Transportation Sector
Sector Allocation in FY2022 Budget


SAR 42 bn

Key Projects Planned for FY 2022  
Scope Objective
Transportation

Establishing the National Center for Transportation
Safety, and launching the “Rental Contracts” service
through the Naql Portal.

 

Housing

Facilitating housing units for more than 130 thousand
beneficiaries, and the signing of over 100 thousand
housing support contracts

 

Communications

Establishing a special economic zone that contributes
to attract local and global investments with the aim of
attracting more than 10 global companies in the coming
years

Launching the smart home market stimulation and
development program, and enabling mage projects and
real estate companies from investing in smart homes in
partnership with the Quality-of-Life Program

 

Data and Artificial
Intelligence

 

Launching the SDAIA Academy to offer courses on
the fundamentals of data and artificial intelligence, in
addition to launching the businesses incentives program,
one of the initiatives under the policy and regulations
track in the National Strategy for Data and Artificial
Intelligence (NSDAI)

 


 

Education Sector
Sector Allocation in FY2022 Budget SAR 185 bn   
Key Projects Planned for FY 2022  
Scope Objective
Education

Launching the "Industrial Apprenticeship" Program by
increasing trainee enrollment percentage from 18%
to 40%, and increasing the percentage of the practical
training days from 55% to 60% for the graduates of the
technical colleges and from 15% to 70% for university
programs
Establishing talent and innovation clubs for trainees, male and female, in colleges and institutes

Providing solutions to the national and industrial

challenges through scientific research, by targeting the
establishment of 50 partnerships with the private sector,
particularly the industrial sector, and national bodies
Launching an initiative to support university researchers
in developing technical innovations through taking their
research from the prototype development phase and
transforming them into industrial products
The inclusion of the Chinses Language into the secondary
school stage in 746 schools across 47 education
administrations in the Kingdom

 

 

Municipal Services Sector
Sector Allocation in FY2022 Budget SAR 50 bn
Key Projects Planned for FY 2022  
Scope Objective

Municipal 
Services

 

Operating the National Platform for Urban Monitoring to
measure more than 130 urban indicators to serve more
than 17 urban sectors

Launching the Spatial Management System to determine
the need for the provided city-level services

Launching the Spatial Management System to determine
the need for the provided city-level services

Activating the launch of the specialized professions
licenses to enhance productivity and stop the flow of
unqualified workers into the market

Launching the Spatial Detection System for Visual
Defacement Violations to pinpoint the time and place of
the violations and link them to the geographical scope
of the operation and maintenance contracts of all the
service-providing companies in cities

 

 

Public Administration Sector
Sector Allocation in FY2022 Budget


SAR 32 bn

Key Projects Planned for FY 2022  
Scope Objective
Hajj and Umrah

Establishing and launching a platform to raise the
awareness of the visitors of the Two Holy Mosques, to
improve the awareness regarding information pertaining
to the environment, health, security and safety to provide
a suitable environment for the visitors of the Two Holy
Mosques and secure the sustainability of the Hajj and

 

Islamic Affairs

Improving and raising the efficiency of the services of the subsistence system that are provided in Hajj and Umrah


Designing and launching the "Islamic Electronic Library"
application for smart devices


Designing and launching the "Valiant Soldiers" Program
to enhance the roles of soldiers in protecting the nation's
capabilities and holy sites

 

Justice

Completing the establishment of the judicial services
centers to serve over 150 thousand beneficiaries

 


 

Health and Social Development Sector
Sector Allocation in FY2022 Budget SAR 138 bn
Key Projects Planned for FY 2022  
Scope Objective
Health

Developing government health centers for mega
consultancy centers that include all medical specialties,
as well as building and equipping specialized,
comprehensive mega centers that are geographically
distributed to increase patient visits and satisfaction with
the health services that are provided

 

Human
Resources

 

Training and qualifying 3,000 jobseekers in the areas of
safety and occupational health and getting them into the
labor market


Managing and incentivizing the flexible work platform,
and operating the freelancing and remote work programs


Transitioning to job performance management to
elevate the level of maturity and culture of performance
management in government entities

 

Culture

Establishing the Black Gold Museum at the King Abdullah
Petroleum Studies and Research Center, which will
contain contemporary arts and designs specializing in
the field of petroleum, and establishing the Red Sea
Museum to promote and enhance the cultural and
historical identity of the cities on the coast of the Red Sea

 


Sectoral Expenditure 



The breakdown for: “Justice” as follows: 


The breakdown for: “Education” as follows: 




Budget-in-Brief


Sectors Allocations from budget expenditures 2022:

Total: 955 Bn SAR
 

Health and Social development Sector: 138 bn SAR
Municipal Serveries Sector: 50 bn SAR
Education Sector: 185 bn SAR

Military Sector: 171 bn SAR
General Administration Sector: 32 bn SAR
Economic Resources Sector: 54 bn SAR
Basic Equipment and Transportation: 42 bn SAR

General Items Sector: 182 bn SAR

Security and Administrative Regions Sector: 101 bn SAR
 

Estimated of Real GDP Growth for the Medium Term 2021: 2.9%
2022:7.4%
2023: 3.5%
2024: 4.0%
 
The Public Finance Projections in 2021 and 2022
Budget Deficit 2021: -85 bn SAR
Surplus 2022: 90 bn SAR
 
 
The Public Finance Projections in 2021 and 2022 2021: 1.015 bn SAR
2022: 955 bn 955

Total Revenues: 
2021: 930 bn Sar
2022: 1.045 bn SAR
 

 

Budget in Figures: 
 

The budgets of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for this year 2022 or for past years can be viewed in detail for all sectors via the Ministry of Finance link here

 

Budget Performance Reports

The Ministry of Finance is legally obliged to publish quarterly financial performance reports on the execution of the budget, along with final annual account summaries in the detailed annual reports of expenses and revenues. The KSA Budget Performance Reports 2017-2022 are available on the following links:

2021 Budget 

Government Expenditure Sectors 2020  2021

The budgets of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for this year or for past years can be viewed in detail for all sectors via the Ministry of Finance link here. The Government allocates parts of its Budget for government sectors and summary of those sectors budgets:

Infrastructure and Transportation Sector
First: Information About the Sector
Sector Allocations in Budget 2021 46 Billion Riyals
Prominent Task of the Sector Roads, ports, railways, airports, housing, communications, information technology, postal services, and industrial cities.
Number of Government Agencies Affiliated with the Sector 17 Agencies
Second: Important Projects Completed in 2020
Range Description Numbers
Aviation Developing an Environment for Unmanned Aircrafts in the Kingdom First Stage – 90% complete
Increasing capacity of the fixed cargo services station at King Khalid Airport Up to 600 thousand tons
Ports The launch of a new shipping line to serve the coastal transportation of containers on the coast of the Red Sea. 100%
Progress of port services quality index From the 44th to the 40th position
Housing Signing subsidized financing contracts for beneficiaries. 183 thousand financing contracts
Providing various housing options for Saudi families. Over 320,000 families benefited.
Development of open lands subject to fees Developing an area of 2.2 million square meters to provide more than 4,000 residential land plots.
Providing sufficient housing for the benefit of needy families. Providing more than 11 thousand housing units.
Telecommunications Increase the speed of the Internet in the Kingdom and its progress in the index of the digital infrastructure for communications and information technology. The speed has been increased to 77.5 Mbps and is ranked first in the world in data downloading speed for the fifth generation.
Third: Important Projects Planned for 2021
Range Target Description Numbers
Transport Increasing Road Safety Reducing the costs of deaths and serious injuries resulting from traffic accidents.
Establishing a control center to automatically monitor transportation activities. 24-hour monitoring of violators.
Housing Supporting debtors in paying home finance installments.  
Continued financial support for mortgage loans. Funding profit amounts to a maximum of 500,000 SAR.
Telecommunications Fourth Industrial Revolution infrastructure strengthening.  
Education Sector
First: Information About the Sector
Sector Allocations of Budget 2021 186 Billion Riyals
Prominent Tasks of the Sector Establishing schools, colleges, and cities, external scholarships, supporting research, development and innovation, establishing university hospitals and supporting sources of knowledge.
Number of Government Agencies Affiliated with the Sector 33 Agencies
Second: Important Projects Completed in 2020
Range Completion Status Completion Status in Numbers
Education Complete education through the Madrasati e-learning platform. Over 5 million students have registered on the platform.
Creation of 23 educational satellite channels" 7.8 thousand satellite courses with around 91 million views.
The launch of scientific headquarters stationed inside schools (STEM) Establishing 72 centers
Establishing the Academy of the General Authority of Zakat and Income 100% complete
Third: Important Projects Planned for 2021
Range Target Description Numbers
Education The launch of the fourth phase of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques external scholarship program. Continuation of the scholarship program
Launching the cultural scholarship program in vital educational institutions around the world. Training and Scholarshops for 10,000 citizens
Establishing 3 local academies The National Academy for Artificial Intelligence, the Academy of Administrative Leadership Development, and the Academy of Public Health.
Health and Social Development Sector
First: Information About the Sector
Sector Allocations for Budget 2021 175 Billion Riyals
Prominent Tasks of the Sector This includes health aspects related to legislative services, research and the overall social aspect, involving security, social, cultural, media, sports, and entertainment services, in addition to the management of quality of life programs.
Number of Government Agencies Affiliated with the Sector 17 Agencies
Second: Important Projects Completed in 2020
Range Completion Status Numbers
Health The launch of specialized centers in various regions of the Kingdom. 24 centers for cardiac catheterization services, 19 centers for tumors, 17 centers for obesity, 25 centers for diabetes, and 156 centers for kidneys.
The launch of the Tawakkalna system (Tawakkalna App and Tabaud App) Over 7.4 million users, more than 22,000 infections have been reported by users, and more than 700 gatherings.
Launching the Health Volunteer Platform Over 184,000 volunteers have been registered on the platform. The number of effective volunteers in the field has reached over 30,000,and the number of beneficiaries in all areas of health has reached over 22 million.
Carrying out COVID-19 check-ups in all the Ministry of Health facilities around the Kingdom. Over 9.6 million samples were examined.
Culture Establishing Cultural Commissions Establishing 11 Cultural Commissions
Establishing the King Salman International Complex for Arabic Language 100% Completed
Social Development اCreating social homes to take care of orphans with special needs. 16 Social Homes
Third: Important Projects Planned for 2021
Range Target Description Numbers
Health Rehabilitation of referred hospitals that deal with nuclear and radiological accidents and disasters. 4 Hospitals
Social Development Opening Centers for the Elderly Providing social care services for the elderly in the community.
اCulture The launch of the Kunooz initiative by the Ministry of Information to support local production companies documentation of cultural richness, intellectual creativity, and civilized contribution. Production of 400 short videos and 3 series for children.
Public Administration Sector
First: Information About the Sector
Sector Allocations for Budget 2021 34 Billion Riyals
Prominent Tasks of the Sector Supporting administrative and legislative bodies, the civil service, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the courts, the services of Islamic affairs and the field of human rights and the care of the Two Holy Mosques.
Number of Government Agencies Affiliated with the Sector 27 Agencies
Second: Important Projects Completed in 2020
اRange Completion Status Completion Status in Numbers
Human Resources Localization of professions in pharmaceuticals, engineering and dentistry. Percentage not yet determined
Providing more job opportunities for the citizens of the Kingdom Localization of 9 additional business activities
Third: Important Projects Planned for 2021
Range Target Description Numbers
Human Resources Localization of quality and priority jobs in each sector 115,000 jobs
Creating numerous jobs in the industrial industry Reaching 1.3 million jobs by 2020
Military Sector
First: Information About the Sector
Sector Allocations in Budget 2021

175 Billion Riyals

Prominent Tasks of the Sector National Defense, the Royal Guard, raising an developing military capabilities, cities and military bases, hospitals and military medical services, military colleges and universities, localization of military industries, military research.
Number of Government Agencies Affiliated with the Sector 19 Agencies
Second: Important Project Completed in 2020
Range Completion Status Completion Status in Numbers
Military Bases Beginning of the first phase of facility establishments for the King Salman Air Base. The project plan includes two stages to complete.
Military Hospitals The contribution of medical cities to support the health sector when facing repercussions of COVID-19, based on the Kingdom’s efforts. Increasing the capacity of all medical cities, including an increase in capacity of intensive care rooms by 200%.
Military Colleges Implementation of the first phase of relocation and establishment of the King Faisal Air Academy at the new headquarters. The project plan includes two stages for completion.
Military Development Beginning the preparation of the relevant studies to develop the Ministry of the National Guard, in accordance with the National Defense Strategy. The goal is to set a ten year plan to develop within the development plans of the military authorities.
Localization of Military Industries Continuing the implementation of the industrial localization strategy within the Kingdom’s Vision 2030. The goal is aimed at settling 50% of the volume of military spending by 2030.
Third: Important Project Plans for 2021
Range Target Description Numbers
Military Research Research Development related to the military industries. The five year plan has been approved and will start in the fiscal year 2021.
Military Authorities Development Applying the targeted operational model to develop the Ministry of Defense within the ten year plan. Implementation of the operating model by 80%.
Military Bases and Colleges Continuing the implementation of the second phase of establishment and relocation of King Salman Base and King Faisal Air Academy. Second and final stage to complete the project.
Development of Military Capabilities Continuing the development of defense capabilities and systems for military authorities. Includes developments of capabilities in eight military entities.
Security Sector and Administrative Regions
First: Information About the Sector
Sector Allocation of Budget 2021 101 Billion Riyals
Prominent Tasks of the Sector Administrative regions, internal security, border control, combating crime and drugs, combating terrorism and extremism, civil protection, traffic safety, corrections and prison management, passport management, protection of vital installations, technical linkage of citizens, citizen transactions with civil status, and cybersecurity.
Number of Government Agencies Affiliated with the Sector. 30 Agencies
Second: Important Projects Completed in 2020
Range Completion Status Completion Status in Numbers
Building National Capacity Training initiative in cybersecurity at a national level (Cyber Pro). The authority launched the initiative to provide training for national forces, at different levels. The initiative aims to achieve the following goals: - Increasing the number of qualified national forces in cybersecurity. - Developing and increasing the level of skills of national forces working in cybersecurity. - Encouraging recent graduates to work in the fields of cybersecurity. The number of beneficiaries of this initiative in its first and second stages is more than. 2000 trainees, including 1,638 employees in 138 national entities, 428 fresh graduates from 26 Saudi universities and colleges, and graduates of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques Program for External Scholarships in the fields of computers and cybersecurity.
Development of Security Headquarters The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques project to develop security headquarters. Approved in five phases and includes the construction of numerous security headquarters and projects of 14 residential complexes in 5 regions, which include 10,000 housing units, where the beneficiary will receive 6 housing complexes from (2016 – 2022). It also contains 3,800 residential units making up 50% of the total plan for the seven year period. (2016 – 2022).
Medical and Residential Complexes Projects for Medical and Residential Cities Completion rate is 90% of medical and residential projects.
Security Services Activating the unified call center (911) in various regions. Percentage of project completion in different regions = 90%؜
Distinguished Residence Maximizing non-oil revenues and enhancing foreign investment opportunities. Ongoing Project
Third: Important Projects Planned for 2021
Range Target Description Numbers
Security at a National Level Responding to emergency cybersecurity cases. Ongoing project
Civil Affairs and Technical Connection Supplying, installing and operating applications and software to support and develop the infrastructure with technical and security systems, devices, and technology, thus developing an e-portal for civil status services and linking all offices. The project aims to reduce operational costs by percentages ranging between 70% - 95% , leading to effective use of e-services to male and female citizens.
Public Services Introducing Shomoos (National Tourism Information Network), which provides services to link facilities and provide central databases on tourism information with the aim of developing a joint cooperation in business. 50% completed.

Development and performance measurement

                                                                                                                                                                  

 

Budget 2020

Expectations 2020

Budget 2021

Revenues

Total Revenue

833

770

849

Taxes

200

196

257

Taxes on Income, Profit and Capital Gains

16

16

13

Taxes on Goods and Services

142

141

209

Taxes on International Trade and Transactions

16

16

17

Other Taxes

26

23

18

Other Revenue

633

574

592

Expenses

Total Expenses

1,020

1,068

990

Expenses (Operating Expenses)

847

931

889

Employee Compensation

504

492

491

Goods and Services

140

188

192

Financing Expenses

31

31

37

Advertisements

17

28

22

Grants

1

6

0.4

Social Benefits

69

67

63

Other Expenses

85

119

83

Non-Financial Assets (Capital Expenditures)

173

137

101

Budget Deficit

Budget Deficit

-187

-298

-141

As a Percentage of GDP

-6.4%

-12.0%

-4.9%

Debt and Assets

Debt

26.0%

34.3%

32.7%

Government Reserves at the Saudi Central Bank

346

346

280

For more information about the General Budget and the finical data, please visit this page.

Budget Performance Reports

The Ministry of Finance is legally obliged to publish quarterly financial performance reports on the execution of the budget, along with final annual account summaries in the detailed annual reports of expenses and revenues. The KSA Budget Performance Reports 2017-2020 are available on the following links:

Important links

Relevant Agencies