This section will showcase the efforts of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to develop and enhance the methods of transportation made available to the public due to its vital role in economic advancement and urban prosperity. You will gain insight into the National Road Safety Center, an initiative launched to tackle road fatalities, while also becoming familiar with the methods of land transportation and the various security and safety measures currently in place. Information will also be provided on traffic safety executed by the Saher system, accidents and insurance and the total number of traffic fatalities from 2018 – 2020. Additionally, the Royal Commission for Riyadh has launched numerous programs and projects for the development of transportation, including the King Abdullah Road Development Project. This segment will also offer informative content into maritime transport, air transport, public transport, electronic applications launched by the Ministry of Transport.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia concerns itself with transport and communication sector because of its vital role in the economic advance and urban prosperity. The Ministry of Transport was established to oversee all the transport aspects for individuals or goods. It is also responsible for other transportation such as the land transport, the maritime transport.
National Road Safety Center
National Road Safety Center is one of road Safety Initiative to eliminate deaths caused by traffic accidents under the umbrella of National Transformation Program 2020. The Center aims at improving traffic safety by coordinating the involved entities, providing the technical support and implementing road safety data and regulating how the related data is collected.
National Road Safety Center Initiatives
Marsad Platform: a digital data platform that controls accident centers and is devoted to road safety by collecting various data such as traffic flows, medical data, accidents reports, etc.
A national road network links the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s areas. This national road network is all set with services needed by car and trunk drivers, including gas stations, security patrols, motels, etc. The Kingdom’s road network data is available through a service provided by the General Authority for Survey & Geospatial Information in Saudi Arabia. Passengers between the Kingdom’s cities or within them can either use any transportation means or the public transport provided by Saudi Public Transport Company.
Additionally, railways are common in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabi. For example, there is the Eastern Region Railway that starts in Riyadh and stops in Dammam, passing Buqayq, Al Ahsa’a, Haradh, Al Tawdihiyah and Al Kharj.
There is also the North Track that starts in Riyadh and stops in Al Qurayyat, passing Al Majma'ah, Al Qassim, Hail and Al Jouf. Moreover, there is Haramain High Speed Railway that links makkah al Mukarramah with Al Madinah Al-Munawarah, passing Jeddah and King Abdullah Economic City.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is keen in providing security and safety to the inhabitants. Thus, Special Forces troupes are devoted to ensure complete security for the external roads between the Kingdoms’ regions, cities, villages and Bedouin camps. Phone numbers are allocated to call the Special Forces troupes in each region (here) or the unified phone number 996.
The Highway Patrols can be also contacted through Kulluna Amn application or the official Twitter account of the Special Forces for Roads Security. They continuously update the roads states in the Kingdom. Some of the Special Forces for Roads Security’s distinctive responsibilities include:
Security-Criminal related responsibilites
This includes overseeing and eliminating security incidents and crimes, and detecting weapons and drugs in the external roads.
This includes overseeing emergencies, unpacking the detention and rescuing in collaborating with the Civil Defense. Also, providing the first aids and facilitating transferring injured people in collaborating with the Saudi Red Crescent, in addition to receiving communications of services or help.
This includes overseeing and eliminating traffic accidents and conducting the initial investigations, reducing accidents, injuries and deaths on external roads, holding back violators and raising awareness of passengers.
This includes holding back the violators of the public order, collaborating with General Directorate of Passports to hold back violators of Iqama Laws and Labor Laws, and implementing the Government’s laws over the external roads.
This include implementing Hajj and Umrah regulations and serving the Two Holy Mosques’ visitors and so on.
Saher is an "Automated System" for the management of traffic via e-systems covering major cities in Saudi Arabia. Saher System is consist of a number of e-systems for operation, administration, tracking, guiding, monitoring and governing. These systems are connected to the leadership and control centers in 8 different cities in different regions. The project aims at:
- Improving the traffic safety
- Implementing the most advanced technologies in Intelligent Transport System to create a safe environment for traffic.
- Elevating the current road network.
- Supporting the Public Security with the most advanced Monitoring systems .
- Working om implementing the Traffic Regulations consistently and accurately.
The traffic system includes a set of legislations and facilities related to traffic regulations, which ensure that all directives implemented by higher authorities are followed, such as registering vehicles and issuing driving licenses, preventing traffic accidents and handling accidents appropriately when they occur, preparing programs that assist the publics knowledge about traffic regulations and the importance of following the highlighted safety instructions, in additions to other importance aspects of the traffic system. This system applies to vehicles of all kinds, pedestrians, animals on public roads, and all road users. The concerned authorities will implement these regulations, which leads to the implementation of violations and consequences resulting from them. For more details click here.
Failure to obey any traffic regulations is a punishable offense. Violations are divided into eight different sections, based on the fines the violator pays, beginning from 100 SAR and reaching up to 10,000 SAR, depending on the type of violation. These violations include parking space violations, such as parking in places that are not designed for parking or parking in places dedicated to people with special needs. Moreover, there are violations that include pedestrian regulations, road priorities, and other violations that guarantee the safety of everyone including vehicle drivers and pedestrians. For more details click here.
Vehicle safety is one of the most essential aspects of traffic safety. The competent authorities have been concerned with clarifying the means of vehicle safety, such as the safety of tires, lights, brakes and others. There are certain tools that must be available inside the vehicle to ensure safety, including a fire extinguisher, spare wheels, and tools for disassembly and installation. Additionally, there are periodic procedures that the owner of the vehicle must carryout to ensure the vehicle’s safety, such as periodic checks and others. The competent authorities are eager to ensure the safety of vehicldes, which in turn lead to the safety of everyone. For more details click here.
Driving Safely Techniques
Driving safely has procedures and rules. Some of these procedures and rules are related to the driver’s responsibilities before operating the vehicle, such as fastening the seat belt and making sure that the mirrors are positioned properly, while also ensuring that the seat and steering wheel are positioned appropriately. Other responsibilities of the driver include moving according to traffic instructions and regulations, as well as giving the necessary signals, stopping, relieving the gas pedal and releasing the handbrake after stopping. Additionally, the driver must know the various meanings of traffic signs, such as warning signs and others, to ensure safe driving. For more details click here.
Morot Vehicle Inspection
The Motor Vehicles Periopdic Inspection have an efficient contribution aimed to upraise vehicle standard of safety to safeguard lives and property. This caused through provision of integrated electro-tech inspection services utilizing staff of - in the art equipment’s supported by highly proficient work order in addition to driver’s enlightenment of responsibility of MVPI for the community interest.
Motor Vehicles Periodic Inspection significant goals:
- Top quality and professional inspection of all vehicles kingdom wide.
- Effective contribution aimed to reduction of traffic accidents and to limit their hazards.
- Upraise enlightenment with road drives in respect of car maintenance repair and safety.
- Building - up technical data base as reference to validate roadworthy cars kingdom wide.
- Reduction of the Environmental pollution caused by car exhaust.
- Settlement of MVPI technologies through attraction employment and training Saudi Cadres.
For more details, click here.
Accidents and Insurance
The Kingdom of Saud Arabia regulates traffic in cities to avoid traffic accidents and keep everyone safe. No one, for example, can get a driving license before he or she passes the theoretical and practical tests. Conditions and requirements to issue different kinds of driving licenses can be found on the General Traffic Department’s website. Moreover, the Government regulates traffic by setting and implementing Traffic Law and the violations. The beneficiaries can enquire about traffic violations registered on them through Absher application.
In order to ensure traffic flow in case of accidents, the Kingdom assigned Najm, which is a company provides insurance for services related to traffic accidents, and directly helps to facilitate any traffic accident communication and the investigator’s access to the accident tell the reports issued to the insurance company.
Traffic acciedent deaths
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has adopted technological road hazard warnings that have led to a drastic decrease in traffic accidents in 2020 in comparison to 2018 and 2019. The Ministry of Transport has covered 58 kilometres of the country’s roads with voice automated warning signs that alert drivers when they get out of their intended track due to sleepiness, mobile use while driving, or impaired vision due to harsh weather conditions. These vital measures have led to a reduction in civilian fatalities and this decrease can be seen in the following statistics:
Royal Commission for Riyadh, Programs and Projects
- King Abdullah Road Development Program
- King Abdulaziz Project for Riyadh Public Transport
- Sports Boulevard Project
- Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq Road between intersections with Al Orouba Road and King Salman Air Base.
- King Fahd Road Development Project
The Public Transport Authority oversees maritime transport, and the Ministry of Transport along with the Saudi Ports Authority are responsible for providing budgets and resources to launch maritime projects such as ports, shipyards, shipping companies and industries. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is concerned with this sector for its vital role in the economic development globally. Moreover, this sector meets about 95% of Kingdom’s needs regarding exports and imports .
- King Abdulaziz Port Dammam
- King Fahad Industrial Port Yanbu
- Jubail Commercial Port
- King Fahad Industrial Port Jubail
- Yanbu Commercial Port
- Jizan Port
- Dhiba Port
- Ras Al-khair Port
The Ministry of Transport works along with General Authority of Civil Aviation to develop air transport and provide services that satisfy the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia ambition. The General Authority of Civil Aviation provides enormous services through its website.
Because of its importance, the Government has launched a number of international and national air ports. They are 15 national airports and 5 international airports.
The General Authority of Civil Aviation oversees this sector to ensure that the general objectives achieved such as, formulate the civil aviation system to be adequate to the next stage and the Saudi Vision 2030,implement a comprehensive plan for all airports that is inadequate to the national transformation program 2020, activate the aviation sector in the Kingdom to be one of the most important sectors contributing to the domestic product, develop the low-traffic airports to be in a unified design model to achieve "environmentally friendly" principle, distribute air traffic on hub airports and develop the infrastructure to keep up with increasing air traffic levels, establish airports with international standards that provide necessary operational requirements which work on reliable commercial bases to develop the non-navigational revenues and contribute to raising the operational capacity of the airports, and achieve the highest levels of safety worldwide.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia believes in its inhabitants rights to have multiple transport choices based on their needs and abilities. It also considers the environmental dangerous caused by Car exhausts especially in crowded cities such Riyadh. Thereupon, It provides public transportation to limit traffic on Riyadh’s streets which reduce pollution and energy consumption. One of the public transportation projects is Riyadh Metro Project and Riyadh Metro Buses, which are networks for metros and buses the cover Riyadh according to multi levels and networks of transportation systems.
Additionally, SPATCO for public services is also available in cities. It is a network equipped with buses that meets the international security and safety conditions. Local network tracks can be found here.
The Ministry of Transport provides many e-services on its website, including:
Vision 2030 and Transport and Communications
Based on Vision 2030 three pillars: a vibrant society, a thriving community, an ambitious nation, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia works along with the Ministry of Transport and its entities to enhance its role in achieving Vision 2030. Thereupon, it has designed the required plans and objectives to achieve the operational development and launch initiatives. Some of which are:
- Reducing road traffic deaths.
- Raising safety rates on the current and future road traffic.
- Improving the roads’ life cycle cost and performance.
- Achieving revenues from the roads’ assets.
More of initiatives are found here.
Road Safety Human Capital Development Programs
The program aims to strengthen the knowledge of road safety workers through specific subjects that help to improve the performance of traffic work in the Kingdom for a period of 7 days divided into 5 days of theoretical training and two days of field training.
Road safety workers are targeted such as, engineers, supervisors and observers. The program addresses many areas such as basic principles of road safety, road safety management, factors contributing to accidents, testing and evaluation of solutions, road safety plans and policies, and economic models of evaluation.
The program aims to improve the efficiency of traffic engineers and knowledge safety to apply technical solutions and to promote road safety standards to reach safer roads. The program focuses on providing trainees with basic knowledge on road safety divided into five topics. The program targets traffic and safety engineers in road operation and maintenance contracts at the Ministry of Transport for the period (2019-2022).
- Law of Public Transport on Roads of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
- The Ministry of Transport Services
- Land Transport Regulations and Regulations
- Maritime Transport Regulations and Regulations
- Civil Aviation Regulations and Regulations
- Passenger’s Rights and Obligations General Authority of Civil Aviation
- Roads Projects
- Vehicle and Transport Services
- Transport General Authority Services
- Genaral Authority of Civil Aviation Services
- Notification Subscription
- Common questions
- Open Data for Transport and Communication
- Open Data of the Ministry of Transport
- Transport Sector Entities
- National Transport Strategy
- Ministry of Transport
- General Civil Aviation Authority
- General Transport Authority
- Road Safety
Last Modified Date: 18/05/2021 - 1:45 PM Saudi Arabia Time