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Elderly

This section emphasizes the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s efforts to improve the quality of care provided to the elderly through the introduction of various initiatives aimed at improving their quality of life and the value of services provided to them. Here, you will gain insight into the rights of the elderly highlighted by four core principles, social care houses and their conditions of acceptance, services and activities provided in social care houses, and a list of efficient social care houses to choose from. Additionally, this section introduces, Waqar, a non-profit association supporting the elderly, the services launched by the Ministry of Health dedicated to the elderly, and the Taqdeer service launched by the Ministerial Agency of Civil Affairs and Elderly.

What is aging?

  • Some reach the age of 70 in good health, while others are supportive of others
  • There are individual factors.
  • Common problems affecting the elderly are varied.
  • The importance of healthy aging lies in its persistence.

For more details click here.

Mental Health During Old Age

Every individual’s lifestyle change as they age, resulting in affects to their mental health. Career changes, and the loss of loved ones are among the changes that contribute to the effects of mental health. Dementia, depression, and anxiety are among the most common psychological problems in old age; however, they are not a common part of the aging process.

Anxiety if often associated with depression, meaning that most people with depression also experience anxiety. Trying new activities and connecting with others tends to support a person psychologically and socially as they grow older.

Staying healthy and feeling your best is extremely important at any age, considering that as a person grows older, they tend to experience an increasing number of major life changes that affect their mental health, including career changes, retirement, and loss of loved ones. The proper management of these changes is key to staying healthy.

For more information, please visit the Ministry of Health’s website by clicking here.

Elderly's Health 

The government of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques has paid great attention to caring for the elderly, as many initiatives have been launched to improve the quality of life and raise the level of services provided to them in society in general and in care homes in particular, where the elderly work to make several contributions to society through volunteer work and the transfer of expertise and knowledge to generations. To show the amount of contributions they make,  every year, the International Day of Older Persons or International Day of Older Persons is celebrated globally.


Elderly's Rights 

The latest statistics of the Department of Statistics indicates that the number of elderly is close to one million and three thousand, which is 5% of the total population. Article 27 of the Basic Law preserves the rights of the elderly as it states: “The state guarantees the right of the citizen and his family, in the event of emergency, disease, disability, and old age, supports the social security system, and encourages institutions and individuals to contribute to charitable work.

Just as caring for the elderly and taking care of them is very important, this group that spared their lives with giving and sacrifice deserves respect, gratitude and care by serving them to the fullest, providing the facilities and providing them with the necessary capabilities.

In 1991, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a document of principles relating to the elderly, which are:

The principle of "independence"

It is the right of the elderly to have adequate food, water, shelter, clothing, health care, the possibility of gainful employment, education and training.

The principle of "participation"

It means that older persons must participate actively in the formulation and implementation of policies that directly affect their well-being, provide younger generations with their knowledge and skills, and be able to form their own movements or associations.

The principle of "care"

It is the provision of opportunities to benefit from family care and health care for the elderly, and to enable them to enjoy human rights and fundamental freedoms when they reside in a shelter or a care or treatment facility.

The principle of "self-realization"

It means enabling the elderly to seek opportunities for the full development of their potentials by providing them with access to educational, cultural, spiritual and recreational resources of society.

The principle of “dignity”

It is enabling the elderly to live in conditions of dignity and security, without being subject to any exploitation or abuse, physical or mental, and they should be treated fairly, regardless of their age, gender, racial or ethnic background, or whether they are disabled, and regardless of their financial status Or any other situation, and to be appreciated regardless of the extent of their economic contribution.


Social Care Houses

These homes aim to accommodate and care for every citizen, male or female, who reached sixty or more and is unable to carry out his or her own affairs, and his or her family and relatives do not have the means for that, in addition to take care of sick and elderly people without a breadwinner who are referred from hospitals, provided they are free of contagious and mental diseases.
Governmental housing care is provided through these homes, which include social, medical and psychological care. Its activities include cultural, professional, entertainment and sports activities . These programs and events are supervised by functional teams that includes all specializations to carry out the services entrusted to it to serve the residents of the house.

Conditions for accepting an elderly person in Social Care Houses 

  • He or she must be a Saudi national.
  • He or she must have reached the age of sixty or more, and his or her old age prevents him or her to work or carry out own affairs, and it is permissible to accept a person under the age of sixty if the social research proves the need to include him or her  in the services of the Social Care house.
  • The medical examination must prove that he or she  is free from infectious, contagious, psychological or mental diseases that threaten his or her safety or cause danger to the rest of residents.
  • Absence of  a host family, or their inability to provide the services the elderly need.

To apply for Registration Request for Elderly Home Care service , click here.

Services and activities provided in Social Care Houses

Social Welfare

Care begins from the moment the elderly is received in the House, by providing his or her requirements, then introducing him or her to the House, its programs and equipment, and working to settle him or her solve any problems.

Medical Care

The House provides full medical care to every resident and opens a special medical file for him or her upon the knowledge of the house's doctor, with following up on patients, examining them, dispensing the necessary treatment for them, and supervising the house's pharmacy.

Ration

The house provides meals for residents that are prepared by the House and the materials are provided by an contractor appointed upon by the Ministry, and there is an expense for residents estimated at 200 riyals in addition to providing clothing for male and female residents in winter and summer.

Cultural Activities

The Social Care House offers many cultural activities and programs, such as enjoying reading some newspapers and magazines, listening to the internal radio, the Holy Quran radio, some religious talks, and attending some seminars.

Professional activity

The Social Care House provides handicraft and hobby opportunities to the disabled residents as a way to occupy their spare time.

Recreational and sport activities

The The Social Care House is interested in different leisure and sports activities as it organizes some light indoor games such as walking and some  suitable exercises. In addition, the House organizes recreational summer parties and outdoor activities at parks as well as visiting some annual exhibitions and festivals in the regions and internal tourism trips, whether religious or recreational as well as making an annual forum for all women and men.


A list for Social Care Houses

Contact

Address

Social Care House

0146246401

Sakakah 72341

Elderly Care Center in Sakakah

017 321 2978

Prince Sultan Street, the Industrial Region, Jazan 82614

Elderly Care Center in Jazan

W.A.Alhazemi@mlsd.gov.sa

Port Street Bani Haritha, 4911, Al Madinah Al Munawwarah

Elderly Care Center in Al Madinah Al Munawwarah

011 207 5144

Al-Imam Saud bin Abdulaziz bin Muhammad

Elderly Care Center in Riyadh

012 732 5030

Al Khalidiah, Taif, 26521

Elderly Care Center in Taif

017 224 4859

8802 King Faisal Street, Al Qura, Abha, 625415202

Elderly Care Center in Al Abha

016 354 9316

Al Shefa’a, Unaizah 56465

Elderly Care Center in Unaizah

012 544 9922

Al Nuzhah

Elderly Care Center in Makkah Almukarrmah


Saudi Society for the Support of the Elderly "Waqar"

It is a non-profit charitable association founded in 1437 AH and its main headquarters in the city of Riyadh, and it seeks to support the elderly, support their rights, help in their care and raise the level of interest in their status, and the association aims to:

  • Achieving complementarity between sectors that serve the elderly.
  • Creating programs and initiatives that suit them, in addition to contributing to improving the type of services provided to them.
  • Working to support efforts to enrich knowledge in the areas of the elderly and their care.
  • Enhancing the status of the elderly in society, highlighting their role, and raising awareness of their issues.
  • Employing the energies of volunteers in an optimal manner to support and serve them.


Types of services provided to the elderly by public authorities

Health Services

  • Health services that are "curative, psychological and related to awareness".
  • Home care.
  • Elderly Clinic.
  • Elderly Care Program.
  • Geriatric clinic.
  • Chronic diseases clinic.
  • Physical therapy and rehabilitation program.
  • The long-term list.
  • Medical devices.
  • Mobile clinics.
  • Support offices program.
  • A card to facilitate hospital appointments.
  • Allocating the ground floor for elderly clinics.
  • A discount card for medical services.
  • Examination services for the elderly in the car.

Social services

  • Mobile Notarial Service (Iqtedha'a).
  • Taqdeer (appreciation) service provided by the Ministerial Agency of Civil Affairs .
  • Awjebna (Our duty )service provided by the Municipality of Makkah and Jeddah.
  • Beneficiary service at his or her residence .
  • Facilitating procedures and transactions for the elderly and helping them.
  • Social entertainment activities and activities for the elderly.
  • Educating patients about e-government services.
  • Wheelchair maintenance.
  • Hajj and Umrah programs.
  • Assistance in the mobility of the elderly and the disabled.
  • Financial and in-kind support.
  • Discounts for the elderly and people with disabilities.
  • Entry card for youth hostels.
  • housing.

Spatial services (logistics)

  • Private parking.
  • Dedicated seating areas.
  • A window, counter or office for the elderly.
  • Corridors, paths or entrance for the elderly and people with disabilities.
  • Wheelchairs.
  • Ana Fi Khedmatic (I am at your service )Program
  • Toilets equipped for the elderly.
  • Sports facilities.
  • Special elevators / stairs.
  • Medical cranes at airports.

Education and training services

  • Literacy programs.
  • Technical and vocational training programs.
  • Teaching reading the Qur’an.

Elderly's Health

Older individuals work to make several contributions to society through voluntary work and the sharing of experiences and knowledge to other generations through the experiences they have gained throughout their lives, and understand the level of contributions they make, therefore, International Day of the Elderly or the International Day of Older Persons is celebrated every year and it provides an opportunity to shed light on the great contributions they make to society, thus raising the level of awareness of the problems and challenges they face in today’s world. The number of individuals, over sixty years of age, in the world amount to more than 800 million and this number is expected to increase to more than 2 billion elderly people by 2050. Elderly people suffer several health issues that are specific to this category, as many of them lose the ability to move or become limited in their movements, forcing them to depend on others to meet their needs, while some also suffer from physical, mental and psychological problems that require long-term medical care. It is important to assist the elderly, especially when psychological issued arise, as they are often reluctant to ask for help.

For more information, please visit the Ministry of Health’s website by clicking here.

COVID-19 Impact on Elderly 

All age groups are at risk of contracting COVID-19, however, the elderly and people with chronic diseases are more likely to develop complications when developing the disease.

The most important recommendations to protect the elderly from the risk of infection from the emerging coronavirus (COVID-19) include the following:

  • Stay at home and avoid gatherings.
  • Avoid contact with a person infected with COVID-19.
  • Frequently wash your hands with soap and water and use hand sanitizer after sneezing or coughing, and before cooking or eating food.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Avoid close contact with people who have COVID-19 symptoms.
  • Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing with a tissue, or sneeze / cough into your elbow, and be sure to wash your hands with soap and water for 40 seconds, or use an alcohol-based sanitizer, in the event that soap and water are not available for 20 seconds.
  • In the case of chronic diseases, be sure to take the prescribed medications regularly.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched items and surfaces at home, using either regular household cleaners or bleach (chlorine) diluted with 250ml (1 cup) of water for every 5ml (1 teaspoon) of bleach, ensuring that the bleach is not mixed with other chemical products and make sure to use it in well-ventilated areas.
  • Use delivery apps to order food and medications.
  • Use apps to deliver your prescription.
  • Avoid going to the mosque.

For more information, please visit the Ministry of Health’s website by clicking here.

Healthy Nutrition for Elderly 

With age, the body and life of the elderly individuals’ changes. These changes can be seen their home life, medications, sense of smell and taste and may affect their interest in healthy eating and physical activity.

Healthy Body Weight 

Age brings about changes in the structure of the body, which may be observed through loss of muscle mass. Older individuals tend to eat fewer calories to prevent weight gain, as maintaining a healthy weight range is critical. Therefore, you are required to discuss the appropriate weight that is considered to be healthy with your doctor.

Being overweight or obese is worrying due to the fact that being overweight tends to increase your risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, Type 2 diabetes and bone issues.
There are two forms of measurement that that determine a healthy weight range and they include the following:

  • Body Mass Index (BMI), a BMI score of 18.5 to 24.9 usually indicates a healthy weight range for adults.
  • Waistline: A waist circumference of more than 35 inches for women or 40 inches for men, indicates an increased risk related to a number of health issues.

For more information, please visit the Ministry of Health’s website by clicking here.

Elder Abuse

Abuse is a hidden problem that indicates neglect or maltreatment of elderly individuals by their companion or anyone close to them, which may result in harm due to the type of abuse carried out, which will lead to suffering, injury, pain or violation of human rights and reduced quality of life for the elderly individual.

World Health Organization on Elder Abuse:

It is a repetitive or one-time act of inappropriateness that occurs in any relationship if there is foreseeable trust that causes harm or pain to an older person.

For more information, please visit the Ministry of Health’s website by clicking here.


Health services for the elderly

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has noticed the increase in the number of elderly individuals and as a result has developed progressive medical sciences, health awareness, improvement of health care and the standard of living and has proceeded with developing the Kingdom’s health, social and economic plans to counter this phenomenon and meet the growing needs of the elderly to ensure and enhance their health.

The Ministry of Health acknowledges that aging is not a disease, rather it is a natural biological process that cannot be avoided, therefore formulated attention has been given to health issues faced by the elderly, and coordination with the relevant authorities has been implemented such as the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Development, in order to improve the health of the elderly.

For more information, please visit the Ministry of Health’s website by clicking here.

Home health care

The service provides continuous and comprehensive health care and follow-up for patients who cannot reach health facilities in their places of residence through a trained health team and in continuous coordination with the treating doctor, where the work team fully assesses the health status of each patient before providing him or her with the service, to determine the health and social status, to ensure the safety of the environment in the home and the family's ability to provide a favorable climate for the patient at his or her residence. Eventually, acceptance is made according to specific criteria.
To access the service, click here.

(Maw'ed) Service

A service that enables the beneficiary to book his or her appointments in primary health care centers and manage these appointments by modifying or canceling them, as well as managing other appointments in any hospital he or she is referred to.
To access the service, click here.

(Sehah) Application

It provides remote medical consultations through video calling, text messages, or voice messages.
To access the service, click here.

(937) Hotline

A service that provides medical consultations via voice call.
To access the service, click here.

Education of Older Persons and Literacy

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia aims to tackle and eliminate illiteracy; therefore, the nation has worked tirelessly to prepare special programs for adult education, under the supervision of the Ministry of Education, targeting all illiterate individuals and offering them education free of charge. The Ministry of Education worked on a clear roadmap to tackle spelling illiteracy in various regions and governorates across the Kingdom, in addition to conducting transitional campaigns to reach residents in remote areas and educate them, thus resulting in a reduction in illiteracy, decreasing it to 5.6%.  The Kingdom guarantees the rights of older persons through the legislation and system of adult education and literacy in Saudi Arabia.

Initiatives and Services for the Elderly

  • Registration Service in the Learned Neighborhood Center Programs

A system for registering beneficiaries in the programs of the Learned Neighborhood Center, for the benefit of Saudi citizens, and Saudi women aged 15 years and over, who wish to develop their life in relation to educational and professional skills. The General Administration of Continuing Education is working to update the service link according to the departments holding the forum.To apply for the service, click here..

  • Adult Education Schools

The General Administration of Continuing Education works to provide the formal education service for the elderly, free of charge, for those who did not have the opportunity to continue their education for all levels of education including, primary, intermediate and secondary, of the Ministry of Education in all regions of the Kingdom.To apply for the service, click here..

  • Registration for Summer Campaigns:

Selective, focused, campaigns carried out for a duration of two months and held in places where it is difficult to prepare regular classes. This service targets students in remote areas and a link to the service is published periodically when beginning the activity at the beginning of the summer vacation. To apply for the service, click here..

  • Ain Channel Service for Adult Education and Educational Enhancement Resources for Adults:

A service targeting adult education students, which broadcasts educational programs and lessons for students through an educational channel dedicated to the education of the elderly. To apply for the service, click here..

  • Registration Service in An Illiterate Society

A service provided through a flexible and attractive alphabetical literacy educational program with the provision of financial incentives to increase enrollees motivation to join the program. The illiterate applicants benefit from this service at their location, whether in the city or the village, and the service link is published at the beginning of each new academic year. To apply for the service, click here..

  • Registration Service in the Literacy Community

A service provided to the elderly through an alphabetical literacy educational program. The service is flexible and attractive, with the provision of material incentives to increase the enrollees motivation towards joining the program. Illiterate applicants benefit from this service at home in all regions, cities and governorates of the Kingdom, and the General Administration of Continuing Education will publish the service link at the beginning of each new academic year. To apply for the service, click here..

  • Registration Service for the Continuing Education Forum

This service is a special system for registering for workshops and events of the Continuing Education Forum, targeting all teachers and leaders of continuing education schools, directors, heads of adult education departments, supervisors and interested academics and individuals interested inside and outside the Ministry. The General Department of Continuing Education is working to update the service link in a renewed manner according to the departments holding the forum. To apply for the service, click here..

  • Comprehensive Electronic System Service for Adult Education

A system that links education departments in regions and governorates with the General Administration of Continuing Education in order to facilitate the usual administrative processes such as raising demand and various nominations. The service targets adult education departments and sections in education departments in all regions and governorates in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. To apply for the service, click here..

Human Resources and Social Development Services for the Elderly

Social Insurance Pension Service

Social Insurance pension is a monthly payment for the beneficiaries (the funds for this program are zakat).
To access the service, click here

Home health care program

It is a program of care for the elderly within his or her family to guide them on how to deal with the elderly's health and psychology, as well as providing some physical therapy sessions. The House sends a team consisting of a doctor, a psychologist, a social worker, a physiotherapist and a personal care worker to provide the necessary care for the elderly.

How to Obtain the Service:

  1. Submit a request through the social welfare platform
  2. Then the team responsible for the case is determined automatically
  3. Reserving and confirming the appointment
  4. Visiting and assessing the situation

The "Al Awlawiyah Lahum" (It's their Priority) Initiative

It aims at facilitating reviews and conducting daily transactions and appointments  to alleviate hardship, empowering people with special needs, who are the elderly, those with disabilities, pregnant women and those with a baby in various government agencies and the service sector. Through this initiative, the Ministry seeks to enhance the Kingdom's leadership image in serving people with special needs of all groups, and to improve their lifestyle by facilitating and overcoming the challenges that may face them.
To access the service, click here.

Support for Retirees

Through the Public Pension Agency, it provides distinguished services to retirees and its participants to improve pension systems and enhance the concept of governance. The Foundation also works to provide many programs aimed at improving the services provided, such as:

Residential and Housing Support Programs

Request housing support

A service provided by the Ministry of Housing targeting male and female citizens, enabling them to register in the housing support request lists without any fees to verify their eligibility to receive housing support and then determine who is eligible. Citizens can also calculate the amount of support that the Ministry about ready-made housing units will provide, housing units under construction, and real estate loan by filling in the required data in the housing support calculator service.

Developmental housing

The Ministry of Housing has worked in integration and partnership with NGOs and civil institutions to achieve housing support by providing housing units for deserving and most needy families in society and covered under the auspices of the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Development.


Justice services for the elderly

Mobile Notarial Offices

It is a free service provided by the Ministry of Justice to beneficiaries who are unable to attend the offices of the notaries of justice from the elderly (65 years or older), patients and people with disabilities, inmates of hospitals, care and observation homes, and holders of a priority card issued by the Ministry of Health.
The notary comes to provide the service at the beneficiary’s residence according to the available dates. The service is provided immediately without the need to review the notary.
To access the service, click here for ios and here for andriod. 


 Agency of Civil Affairs and Elderly Services

Taqdeer (Appreciation ) service

It is a service for the elderly, sick and people with special needs, in which the Ministerial Agency of Civil Affairs  provides all its services by visiting you at your home.
To access the service, click here

Online services for Elderly

As a general practice, the KSA Government provides general eServices targeting all citizens and residents without prejudice of their gender, age, religion, ethnicity, or other personal characteristics. However, to protect the life and the well-being of the older citizens and residents, the government developed special initiatives and eServices for the elderly. Some of the specific eServices include:

Health services

Social protection services

Education

Related Links


Last Modified Date: 25/11/2021 - 11:04 AM Saudi Arabia Time
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