New York, SPA :
Upon the directive of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Naif bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Deputy Premier and Minister of Interior, heads the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's delegation to the 71st annual session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York.
The Kingdom has taken part in the 71st session which started with a rich agenda, including the election of a new president of the general assembly, a new secretary general of the United Nations, and issues related to refugees and immigrants, climate change, struggles and disputes and the goals of sustainable development.
The Kingdom is considered a constituent member of the organization as it has signed the UN Charter on 26 June 1945 with its membership accepted on 18 October in the same year.
The Kingdom also took part in San Francisco conference which approved the United Nations charter. Its delegation was headed by late King Faisal bin Abdulaziz, then Saudi Arabia's foreign minister.
The General Assembly of the United Nations held its first meeting in London on 10 January 1946 with the attendance of representatives of 51 countries while the United Nation's Security Council held its first meeting ever in London on the 17th of January 1946. On the 24th of January 1946, the general assembly issued its first resolution, calling for peaceful usage of nuclear energy and elimination of mass destruction weapons.
Over the past 65 years, eight people assumed the position of secretary general, last of whom current Ban Ki Moon whose tenure expires this year and a new replacement will be elected.
Among the prominent achievements of the organization during more than six decades were the preservation of the world security and peace, peace-keeping in areas of tension, encouragement for democracy and development, promotion of human rights, protection of environment, prevention of proliferation of nuclear weapons, support the right of people for self-determination and independence.
The united nations is embarked on intensive work in the fields of enhancement of international law, settlement of international disputes, ending racial segregation, provision of human relief materials for disaster-hit victims, mitigation of poverty and famine-related problems in developing countries, focusing on development in Africa, assisting women rights, provision of healthy drinking water, eradication of contagious diseases, designing programs for children vaccination and protection from early deaths, encouragement of investment in developing countries, provision of relief supplies in case of emergencies, protection of the ozone layer, combating forest eradication, combating environment pollution, combating drug spread and usage, improvement of commercial relations among nations, encouragement of economic reforms, support the intellectual property rights, protection of free flow of information, improvement of communication means and education programs in developing countries, eradication of illiteracy, preservation of antiquities and indigenous cultures, and encouragment of scientific and cultural programs.
The United Nations' system was based on a number of key bodies, most important of which are the general assembly, security council, trusteeship council, secretariat general, international justice tribunal and the economic and social council.
A number of organizations emanate from the United Nations, most important of which are the international labor organization, agricultural food organization, UNESCO, WHO, international civil aviation organization, maritime international organization, world trade organization, world bank, IMF, UN program for drug control, UN program for environment and UN development program.
This is in addition to a number of research and training institutes as well as the UN high commission for human rights, international agency for atomic energy, and the international union for communications, international post union.
The UN member states increased from 50 in 1945 to 193 in 2015.
Meanwhile, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was committed, in its capacity as a constituent member, to provide continuous political, material and moral support for the organization and its agencies.
To do so, the Kingdom has signed and endorsed a number of international treaties and agreements.
Based on its belief that the enhancement of cooperation among the UN members on one hand and the international and regional agencies on the other to confront the phenomenon of terrorism, the Kingdom has proposed to the UN secretary general and the participating countries in the international conference to combat terrorism which was held in Riyadh in February 2005 to that a resolution be issued by the general assembly to adopt Riyadh declaration as per a proposal by late Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud to establish an international center for combating terrorism with other details to be submitted to the general assembly's 61st session in 2006.
In September 2006, the UN general assembly unanimously adopted a resolution denouncing all kinds of terrorism and fixed a comprehensive strategy to confront this plague.
The United Nations welcomed the idea of late King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz to establish a specialized center to combat terrorism under its umbrella whereas Saudi Arabia's permanent representative to the United Nations and chairman of the United Nations Center to Combat Terrorism Ambassador Abdullah bin Yahya Al-Maalami has lauded the close follow-up and unlimited support the UN center for combating terrorism is enjoying from the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud.
He stated that the center has benefited from the support of member states, led by the Kingdom which provided the center with a generous donation of $110 million since its inception in 2011, noting that the center now enjoys an international and regional support.
On the other hand, the Kingdom has played well-known roles in promoting human rights, enforcement of law, spread of peace culture, and dialogue initiatives among cultures and people as key parts in the fight against terrorism and extremism and confirmed that respect of international legitimacy and its principles is the only way that leads to solving chronic international disputes and deprive terrorists from using the feelings of upset and disappointment emerging from oppression, grievance and occupation elsewhere.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia underscores the importance of putting into force the principles of the United Nations away from double standards and selective implementation as well as the importance of developing and modernizing the UN system and its agencies to enable the organization play better roles.
In the past years, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has provided financial support for the UN programs to meet their obligations and implement their humanitarian programs. In this regard, its contributed to the Anti-poverty Fund in the Islamic World in addition to its contributions in capitals of 18 financial international establishments and commissions.
As part of its developmental policy, the Kingdom has confirmed the contents of international partnership principles for development as a firm approach, making such contents pillars of its eighth and ninth development plans which called for supporting cooperation and integration at the regional and international arenas in a way that serves the economic and social development and preserves the world security and peace.
In this framework, the Kingdom has provided support and assistance to whoever needs them all over the world within its available capabilities. Emanating from its humanitarian values and legacy, and in addition to being considered a key donor and partner in the international development, the Kingdom's foreign assistance and support have represented a major part of its foreign and developmental policies.