Open Government Data

This page highlights the open data concept and the initiative related to establish its own platform in Saudi Arabia, its objectives and role.

To achieve the principle of transparency and to enable citizens in the Kingdom to have access to a large base of open government data, the Kingdom has launched related policies, systems, and guidelines. The Kingdom has also developed a general strategy that contributes to bridging the gap between government agencies and citizens and facilitating their access to open government data.

What Is Open Data?

Open data entails the data anyone can freely use without physical, technical, or legal restrictions. The citizen can also reuse and share or disseminate the data, subject to the legal license under which this data was shared. All government agencies can opt for the open dissemination of their data for various purposes.

What are the Benefits and Advantages of Open Data?

  1. Promoting transparency
  2. Offering citizen participation
  3. Improving the efficiency of government services
  4. Fostering creativity and innovation
  5. Creating new job and economic fields
  6. Merging and using multiple data sources to acquire new knowledge

Open Data Policies and Laws

Principles, policies, and laws apply to all open data and information— not protected -— public authorities issued, regardless of their source, form, or nature.

Main Principles for Open Data

  • 1st Principle: Origin of the available data
  • 2nd Principle: Open format and machine-readability
  • 3rd Principle: Data recency
  • 4th Principle: Inclusiveness
  • 5th Principle: Non-discrimination
  • 6th Principle: Availability without financial return
  • 7th Principle: Submission to an open data license in the Kingdom
  • 8th Principle: Developing the governance model and involving everyone
  • 9th Principle: Comprehensive development and innovation

General Rules for Open Data

The Open Data Policy sets out general rules and obligations that public entities must follow during the open data life cycle:

  • Planning for open data
  • Defining open data
  • Publishing open data
  • Updating open data
  • Following up the performance of open data

General Rules for Freedom of Information

  • Principle: Transparency
  • Principle: Necessity and proportionality
  • Principle: The main principle of public information is disclosure
  • Principle: Equality

You can also check all the details related to the provisions, laws, and policies related to open or unprotected data through theNational Data Governance Policies Manual.

Individuals’ Rights to Check and Get Public Information

  1. The right to access any information not protected by any public authority,
  2. The right to know the reason for refusing to see or obtain the requested information,
  3. The right to appeal against the decision rejecting the request for access and accepting the required information.

The Quality of Open Data in the Kingdom

You can also find more details in the Open Data Standards Guide.

Open Data Portal in the KSA

The Kingdom provides an integrative database of open government data to achieve transparency, encourage electronic participation and stimulate creativity. By disseminating data on ministries and government agencies openly on an Open Data Portal for Government Agencies, beneficiaries can view, use, and benefit from it.

Open Data of the Ministry of Health

Open Data of the Ministry of Education and Training

Open Data of the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Development

Open Data of the Social Services

Open Data of the Ministry of Water Environment and Agriculture

Open Data of the Ministry of Commerce

Open Data of the Ministry of Justice

Open Data of the Ministry of Transport and Communications

Open Data of the General Authority of Meteorology and Environmental Protection

Open Data of Riyadh Municipality

Statistical Data

The Main Axes of Open Data Quality


  • Consistency
  • Completeness
  • Compatibility
  • Credibility
  • Inclusiveness
  • Timing

Open Data Quality Benchmarks

To achieve a high quality of open data and its suitability with its purpose, a set of standards and benchmarks have been defined that, in turn, will raise the quality of open data in the Kingdom.

  • Providing datasets in a format that can be read and processed by a computer
  • Data should not contain personal identifiers
  • Data should be of good quality
  • Providing data with metadata
  • Data should have an identifier making the dataset valuable because it can be linked to another dataset, considering it does not violate privacy
  • Data should be limited to a timeframe
  • The file size must be less than 20 MB
  • The file name should be in English, and the name should adequately reflect the content of the file
  • Data must be updated
  • Data should have a value that motivates entrepreneurs in providing digital products and services to society
  • Separating content in Arabic from content in English
  • In the case of periodically updated data, the data should be put into one dataset, and the updated data should be added regularly.

Open Data for Government Entities

The Data of the General Authority for Statistics

The General Authority for Statistics supervises the national databases for various statistical fields and works to transfer knowledge and spread statistical awareness. This entity represents an official body providing public authorities, private enterprises, individuals, and international bodies with official statistics under legal procedures supporting policymakers and decision makers to implement organizational development plans.
You can check all data on the General Authority for Statistics website.

Related Links

Open Data platform
Open Data license
Open Data Standards Guideline
National Data Governance Policy - Saudi Authority for Data and Artificial Intelligence
General Authority for Statistics

Last Modified Date: 20/03/2021 - 7:30 AM Saudi Arabia Time
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