Sustainable Development



The 2030 Agenda and SDG’s

On September 25th, 2015, world leaders adopted a set of goals to end all forms of poverty, fight inequalities, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all as part of 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Governments, businesses and civil society together with the United Nations have started to mobilise efforts to achieve the Sustainable Development Agenda by 2030, the Agenda calls for action by all countries to improve the lives of people everywhere.
Based on the success of the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), on 1 January 2016, the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) also known as Global Goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development officially came into force.



Owing to its acute understanding of the importance of continuous development, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia endeavours to tackle the issues of poverty, inequality, climate change, prosperity, peace, justice, education, health, social protection and the availability of employment opportunities, and, realizing the intersecting nature of these issues, makes sure they are all included in its national strategy. 

The Kingdom’s efforts to eradicate poverty are twofold; within its borders and beyond them. These efforts stem from a sense of moral and humane responsibility, and manifest in the Kingdom’s humanitarian assistance to the world’s developing nations, the ones most often stricken with poverty, as well as to international organisations battling poverty. Internally, the Kingdom strives to lighten the economic load on Saudi citizens and providing financial assistance to low- and mid-income families, in addition to supporting charity organisations, housing projects, and increasing allowances for widows and orphans.

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s Initiatives for Combating Poverty:

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is one of the largest contributors to programs for eradicating hunger. The Kingdom’s efforts center around achieving food security both internally and beyond its borders, in addition to striving for the Kingdom’s agricultural sector to contribute a larger percentage of its GDP, thereby aiding economic development, and diversifying the Kingdom’s agricultural base.

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s initiatives for eradicating hunger:

  • Executing over 300 food security projects, resulting in millions fed through the efforts of the King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Centre.
  • The historic contribution of USD 500 million to the World Food Program in 2008.
  • The Ministry of Environment, Water, and Agriculture’s initiative to eradicate the red palm weevil (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus) and combat its spread the world over.
  • The Ministry of Environment, Water, and Agriculture’s initiatives to provide comprehensive and sustainable food security by:
    • Terracing and rehabilitation of agricultural lands, instating water harvesting technology in Al Taif, Al Bahah, Asir, and Jazan provinces.
    • Reducing per capita retail and consumer food waste by half, and reducing food losses in the production and supply phases, including post-harvest losses.
    • To develop and improve the efficiency of the agricultural market and to adopt measures to ensure the safe and timely delivery of commodities and their derivatives and to strengthen food reserves to reduce their volatility.
  • Gaudi Grains Organisation (SAGO)’s initiative to reduce food loss and waste in the Kingdom and to prevent improper use of natural resources.
  • Saudi Food Bank (Eta’am), which has provided more than 12 million meals since its inception.

The Kingdom strives to boost general health for its citizens and residents, by launching several initiatives in the health sector at the local and global levels, including but limited to supporting maternal and child care programs, providing vaccinations, reducing infant mortality and increasing life expectancy.

Initiatives of Saudi Arabia to ensure a decent life and good health for all:

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia gives the educational sector special importance, with it receiving the largest portion of the Kingdom’s budget. The Kingdom also engages its efforts to improve education the world over, affirming its local, regional, and international commitment to the right of education for all as a cornerstone of development worldwide. 

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's initiatives to achieve quality education:

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia affirms the vital importance of the role women play in development, and endevours to invest her energies and activating her essential role at the local and international levels. Moreover, as part of the Kingdom’s strategic Vision 2030, women have been set a comprehensive goal for increasing their contribution to the labour market, retaining her rights in the health and education sectors, in unison with the fifth goal of the sustainable development goals. 

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s initiatives for promoting gender equality and women empowerment: 

  • Women assume many leadership positions and are allocated 20% of Shura Council seats.
  • Creating more than 450,000 new jobs for women.
  • Launch of support programs for working women: Wusool and Qurra.
  • Developing projects for productive families.

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has made significant investments in water desalination and sanitation, and is witnessing remarkable progress in its ongoing government support. Water and wastewater projects are working rapidly to achieve sustainable environmental development in line with National Transition 2020 and Vision 2030. The Kingdom is also the world leader in desalinated water production with 16.5% of world production.

Initiatives of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to produce clean water and ensure general sanitation: 

  • Ministry of Environment, Agriculture and Water.
  • Implementation of 508 water dams with combined storage capacity of 2.2 billion cubic meters.
  • The initiative to promote the sources of surface water by establishing 1,000 dams.
  • The National Program for Aquaculture aimed at developing the fisheries sector in the Kingdom.

The Government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has been keen to draw up a vision for an economy less dependent on oil. This is confirmed by the Kingdom’s Vision 2030 through diversification of energy sources such as renewable and alternative energy by producing 5.3 gigawatts of renewable energy by 2020 and producing 5.9 gigawatts of renewable energy by 2030. 

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s initiatives to promote clean and affordable energy: 

  • Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Vision Softbank to implement the 2030 Solar Plan, the world's largest solar energy project.
  • Initiative to increase energy efficiency in the iron, cement and petrochemical industries.
  • Apply fuel economy card to light vehicles and adopt fuel economy standard.
  • Encouraging new factories to achieve energy efficiency standards according to international standards.
  • Develop new Saudi specifications for energy efficiency.
  • Project of energy density certificate for existing and new buildings.
  • The initiative to rehabilitate government buildings and stimulate the private sector to invest in the energy efficiency sector.

Saudi Arabia enjoys a strong and strong economy due to its unique geographic location, which provides easy access to export markets. The Kingdom is ranked first in the world in oil reserves, production and export, with 25% of total world oil reserves. The Kingdom’s Vision 2030 counts attracting international talent as one of its main goals, as part of the overall plan to grow the economy.

Saudi Arabia's initiatives on creating adequate jobs and achieving economic growth:

  • Reduce the duration of obtaining a Commercial Register to 180 seconds.
  • Localization of technologies and knowledge through the Public Investment Fund.
  • Expanding vocational training to continue to meet labor market needs.
  • Increasing the contribution of SMEs to the economy.
  • Increase women's participation in the labor market.
  • Increase qualitative foreign investments to SAR 20 billion Saudi.

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia  has witnessed remarkable progress in the pursuit of its Vision 2030 goals, which include a number of initiatives related to the maintenance and operation of various infrastructure projects in partnership with the private sector, and strengthening the Kingdom's connection to population centers and commercial and industrial value chains by increasing the performance of the logistics sector and increasing competitiveness and quality overall.

Saudi Arabia's initiatives for industry, innovation and infrastructure:

  • Budget allocation of more than 54 billion Saudi Riyals for 2018.
  • Construction of roads totaling more than 14,000 km.
  • The Public Transport Project in Riyadh has a maximum capacity of 5.4 million passengers per day.
  • Investment of more than SAR 400 billion in transport infrastructure over the last 10 years.
  • Spending more than SAR 500 million on scientific research.

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has an exceptionally keen stance on equality and justice. The Basic Law of 1412H states the importance the strengthening of national unity and the prevention of strife and division.

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s initiatives towards combating inequality:

  • Establishing the Human RIghts Council in 2005.
  • The Kingdom’s nomination to the UN Human Right Council for the fourth time, for a three-year period.
  • Providing programs that help citizens respond to common risks, such as Hafiz and Saned.
  • Provide training programs to develop the skills of job seekers.

The Ministry of Municipal and Rural Affairs in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is responsible for the urban planning of the cities of the Kingdom, including the provision of roads and basic equipment, improvement and beautification of cities and the development of municipal and rural areas. In order to achieve sustainable urbanization of the Kingdom, a Royal Decree was issued whereby the Ministry of Municipal and Rural Affairs, in cooperation with UN-HABITAT, is implementing the "Future Saudi Cities" program. The program seeks to develop a new vision and strategic planning framework for the sustainable urban future in Saudi Arabia, Productive, equitable, socially inclusive and environmentally sustainable, with adequate infrastructure, adequate and high quality of life.

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's Initiatives for Sustainable Cities and Communities:

  • Updating the National Urban Strategy 2030 in cooperation with the United Nations Development Program.
  • The NEOM Project.
  • Providing safe and easy navigation through the development of transport systems.
  • Improve the classification of the city of Riyadh globally to become one of the best 100 cities in the world.
  • King Abdulaziz Project for Public Transport  in Riyadh City.

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has witnessed significant growth in several areas, the most important of which is population growth and growth in the industrial and agricultural sectors. This creates difficulties and challenges in the process of waste management of all kinds. Waste, recycling, To the Kingdom, in addition to creating jobs and reducing the emissions of buried gases from landfills and converting them into energy.

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's Responsible Production and Consumption Initiatives:

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has been among the first few countries to recognize the dangers of natural disasters and has developed a set of related regulations, plans and procedures to protect lives and property from all natural hazards.

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s initiatives for climate protection:

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia continues to support international and regional trends to protect the marine and ocean environment and to reduce the sources of marine pollution. It seeks to improve the marine environment for its importance in development and to enhance food security. The Kingdom adopts strategies and policies that reduce tampering or negligence in the maritime system, On the biodiversity of the Kingdom in 2005 aimed at ensuring the conservation and development of biodiversity, including plans to study the current status of biodiversity and the threats it faces and ways to preserve and develop it.

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s initiatives to preserve marine life: 

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s Vision 2030 prominently includes a number of objectives to achieve the fifteenth goal of sustainable development. The Government of the Kingdom has also issued regulations to protect protected areas of wildlife and plants. It regulates hunting for wild animals and birds; trafficking in endangered species.

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s initiatives for preserving wildlife:

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia seeks to strengthen its position at the regional and international levels by combating corruption in various fields and combating all forms of violence and abuse, especially violence against children.

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s initiatives encouraging peace, justice, and established institutions:

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is one of the first countries in the world to provide humanitarian assistance and assistance to countries facing hardship. The Kingdom has provided humanitarian, developmental and charitable assistance from grants and soft loans to all countries without discrimination on the basis of color, religion or race.

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s initiatives for Achieving Goals Through Partnership:

  • Saudi Arabia's contribution of USD 500 million to finance Yemen's humanitarian response plan for 2018.
  • Has provided more than USD 1 billion in official development assistance to 40 countries since the establishment of the King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Centre.
  • The Saudi Fund for Development, which contributes to financing development projects in developing countries by granting loans to those countries.
  • “Al Khair Al Raqami” digital charity platform contribute to fundraising towards sustainable development goals.


The National Transformation Program 2020 is the starting point to implement Vision 2030. It involves public, private and non-profit sectors rolling-out an integrated governance model established by the Council of Ministers. An institutional guaranteeing inter-agency cooperation is considered fundamental to implementation and monitoring.
Saudi Arabia aims to diversify its economy away from its traditional income sources. Fiscal measures are being implemented to create fiscal space to finance the specific initiatives outlined in Vision 2030 and SDGs.



Read the KSA's efforts to achieve the SDGs goals by:

Last Modified Date: 10/03/2020 - 8:19 AM Saudi Arabia Time
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